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Hikikomori

Hikikomori: Å trekke seg tilbake fra samfunnet.

Forklaring på engelsk

A form of severe social withdrawal, called hikikomori, has been frequently described in Japan and is characterized by adolescents and young adults who become recluses in their parents' homes, unable to work or go to school for months or years. The aim of this study was to review the evidence for hikikomori as a new psychiatric disorder.

Electronic and manual literatures searches were used to gather information on social withdrawal and hikikomori, including studies examining case definitions, epidemiology, and diagnosis. A number of recent empiric studies have emerged from Japan. The majority of such cases of hikikomori are classifiable as a variety of existing DSM-IV-TR (or ICD-10) psychiatric disorders. 

However, a notable subset of cases with substantial psychopathology do not meet criteria for any existing psychiatric disorder. We suggest hikikomori may be considered a culture-bound syndrome and merits further international research into whether it meets accepted criteria as a new psychiatric disorder. 

Les mer via lenken under:

Hikikomori, A Japanese Culture-Bound Syndrome of Social Withdrawal? A Proposal for DSM-V​ (​PubMed)

​​Kilde: National library of medicine (PubMed)

Norske referanser

Hikikomori - alvorlig sosial tilbaketrekningPowerPoint- presentasjon fra Bærum kommune

Derfor holder de seg hjemme​Artikkel fra forskningsmagasinet Apollon


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